I’ll start today by talking a bit about one of the superstars in the field of Psychology (please don’t groan, it’s for a good cause):
Carl Jung was a Swiss psychologist and psychiatrist (the super sayan combo in our field). He is considered the founder of analytical psychology, which is a school within the psychodynamic/psychoanalytical approach emphasizing the importance of the psyche and centering the motivations for humans in their striving for “wholeness”.
As you might imagine if you have at any point dabbled in psychology, Jung was pretty influenced by Sigmund Freud, and he basically postulated a different conceptualization of the psychodynamic model Freud had theorized .
One of the major changes Jung suggested was about the unconscious and its qualities. Jung suggested that humans are not born tabula rasa, but instead with pre-installed information called “the collective unconscious”: the part of our minds that we all collectively share, respond to and draw from.
And this is why he is your friend when you’re sitting down to construct stories and characters! (Jung has been quite influential in literature)
According to Jung, in our collective unconscious there exists a library of instincts and archetypes. For now, it’s the archetypes that we’ll be focusing on:
Archetypes are patterns of events, personality, behavior, motivations and thoughts that are coded into a ‘profile’ of sorts, and from which individuals draw in order to understand and interact with their (primarily) social environment and life. These archetypes are shaped by culture, history and core cultural elements of human civilization- and they are unconsciously recognized by all of us. This capacity to recognize and connect to archetypes in people and personalities we encounter, as well as in the stories of these people, is what makes Carl Jung our best of friends as creators of stories and, consequently characters within a story.
If when creating a character we give it a consistent Jungian archetypal base before we construct him/her for the purposes of our story, then it is extremely likely that our audience will emotionally engage with the character, exactly because we will be tapping into the collective unconscious that we all share. And because it’s unconscious, nearly reflexive reaction to the stimulus of such a character, the emotional engagement is likely to be very solid and your audience will love, sympathize, hate, despise exactly as you want them to do in your story, be it a novel, a graphic novel or a movie.
When creating a story, the core of it is bound to have at least one of Jung’s archetypal events and/or motifs, if stripped down to the absolute essentials (yes, that’s why every plot has already been told, and that doesn’t at all matter).
What are these Jungian Archetypes then?
There are Archetypal Events, Archetypal motifs and Archetypal figures.
Archetypal Events are six: Birth, Death, Separation from parents, Initiation, Marriage and the Union of Opposites.
Archetypal Motifs are three: Apocalypse, Deluge, Creation.
Is it starting to sound familiar as far as plots are concerned?
Archetypal Figures are nine: Great Mother, Father, Child, Devil, God, Wise Old Man, Wise Old Woman, Trickster, Hero
These should also be ringing a bell.
But listing them is not enough. So in this little ‘mini series’ of newsposts, I’ll be talking about each archetypal category and examples we encounter in literature, as well as ways to incarnate them with originality in our stories.
Next time then, would you like me to talk about the Events, the Motifs or the Figures? (It won’t be boring, I promise)
Tantz_Aerine at 12:00AM, April 22, 2017
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